# The Story of Maths-Language of the Universe

**The Story of Maths. The language of the universe** from the BBC.

A **documentary** with subtitles. **Episode 01**

Acquainted with **the fundamental mathematics** in our lives, Marcus du Sauto explores **the mathematics of Ancient Egypt**, Mesopotamia and Greece.

In Egypt, he discloses the use of a decimal system based on ten fingers, while in **the former Mesopotamia**, two arms were counted to 60.

In Greece, he considers the contributions of some of **the giants of mathematics**, including Plato, Euclid, Archimedes, and Pythagoras, who are credited with starting **the transformation of mathematics** from a tool for counting into an analytical subject that we know today.

Chronology of the history of mathematics:

1:32 – The first signs of mathematics can be found in ancient Egypt

8:34 – Egypt: papyrus help and practical mathematics

11:41 – Egypt: Circles, the game of Mankala and Pi.

14:06 – Egypt: Pyramids – wonders of the world, symmetry and the golden ratio

19:38 – Babylon: mathematics is a school.

21:44 – Babylon: calculation on the fingers – a six-decimal number system.

25:19 – Babylon: The Babylonian calendar and zero.

27:05 – Babylon: quadratic equations for agriculture.

29:24 – Babylon: Passionate Players – Playful Math

31:26 – Babylon: The Babylonians are the discoverers of a right triangle.

35:30 – Mesopotamia: Greeks and the power of evidence.

37:25 – Greece: Pythagoras and his famous theorem.

43:01 – Greece: Plato Academy.

45:37 – Alexandria: Euclid and his axioms of mathematics.

49:23 – Alexandria: Archimedes and the discovery of the meaning of Pi.

52:59 – Alexandria: Hypatia is an inventive female mathematician and a tragic victim.

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