Potential Discovery of Quantum Wormhole Teleporter Blueprint May Reveal Fundamental Insights in Physics
The idea of transferring information between locations without any physical particle or energy exchange appears to contradict what we have learned in physics so far. However, there are compelling arguments that this “counterfactual communication” may not only be possible but also offer insights into the fundamental aspects of reality that have eluded us until now.
While counterfactual physics is not a new concept, it has recently sparked interest among physicists who are exploring the potential of carrying quantum information without particle exchange. This is not just a theoretical concept; ghost imaging, which utilizes a pair of entangled photons to deduce information about an object without transmitting either particle, provides empirical evidence of its feasibility.
A prominent researcher in this field has put forward a plan for an experiment to test the theoretical underpinnings of exchange-free communication, which he has named “counterportation.” Given the nature of the physics involved, quantum computing is a crucial component of this proposal. The experiment would employ qubits, which are the probabilistic versions of classical binary information carriers, to transmit information from one location to another without any interaction between them.
The researcher, Salih, has previously conducted experiments involving the separation of light using intricate arrangements of splitters and detectors, revealing a counterintuitive outcome where information reaches its destination even in the absence of a particle to carry it.
What the physicist is proposing is a new computing scheme based on his previous theoretical protocol published in 2013.
According to Hatim Salih, a physicist at the University of Bristol in the UK, counterportation achieves the ultimate goal of teleportation, which is disembodied transport, without any traceable information carriers traveling between locations. Salih emphasizes that realizing counterportation would require an entirely new kind of quantum computer, one that does not exchange particles between communicating parties.
Teleportation is an established method of transporting a quantum state from one location to another. This process involves entangling several objects, separating them over any distance, and precisely measuring the entangled objects in one location. Only when the separated object is also measured against the findings communicated through conventional methods, the act of teleportation is completed. The outcome is not the transfer of a solid object, but rather a specific quantum state. By performing measurements on the original object, it is effectively destroyed, and the state jumps from one location to another.
Counterportation, a form of quantum counterfactual communication, enables the transfer of quantum information similar to teleportation, but without additional complexity. The key lies in a particular type of Einstein-Rosen (ER) bridge or wormhole, which is believed to represent the connection between entangled objects.
According to Hatim Salih, counterportation occurs through a local wormhole, which acts as a medium for the transfer of quantum information. While wormholes have been primarily associated with black holes, they could also describe entangled phenomena on a smaller scale. The description of wormholes may help fill gaps in our understanding of the fundamental nature of matter if they do exist.
Salih believes that physically building a wormhole in the lab would allow for testing of rival physical theories, including those related to quantum gravity. The hope is to provide remote access to local wormholes for physicists, hobbyists, and enthusiasts to explore fundamental questions about the universe, such as the existence of higher dimensions.
It is important to note that these are all theoretical concepts based on foundations that not all scientists agree on. Nonetheless, they add a new dimension to the scientific discourse surrounding quantum counterfactual communication and its potential contributions to research. “This is a significant milestone we have been striving towards for many years,” says Salih. “It offers a theoretical and practical framework for investigating enduring mysteries about the universe, such as the true nature of space-time.”
The research has been published in Quantum Science and Technology.
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