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Indian Scientist-Led Team Is The First To Discover Evidence Of Solitary Waves In Mars’ Magnetosphere

Solitary waves are unique electrical field fluctuations that regulate particle energisation in the Martian magnetosphere.
Mars is one of the most fascinating planets in our solar system, and mankind may one day relocate its “red surface.” NASA’s robotic rover, which searches for ancient life on Mars, makes new discoveries, but this time, a team of Indian scientists discovered the first proof of the existence of “solitary waves” around Mars.
Solitary Waves

Through wave-particle interactions, these solitary waves are discrete electric field fluctuations in the Mars magnetosphere that influence particle energization, plasma loss, and transport.

The Astrophysical Journal has published the findings after analysing 450 pulses of solitary waves.

A range of electromagnetic and electrostatic waves are supported by the plasma environments of Earth and planetary space.

To improve our understanding of the atmospheric plasma state and the fundamental physical processes taking place in those places, these plasma waves are extensively researched using measurements, analysis, and modeling.

“Solitary waves are separate (bipolar or monopolar) electric field variations that exhibit constant amplitude-phase relationships. The propagation process has less of an impact on their size and shape.” The Ministry of Science and Technology said in a statement.

According to theories, solitary waves can be frequently seen even in a weak and shallow magnetosphere, like the one on Mars. But up until now, they had stayed undercover.

The Langmuir Probe and Waves instrument on NASA’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) satellite gathered high-resolution electric field data that allowed researchers from the Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG) to identify and describe the solitary waves in the Martian magnetosphere.

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